After the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus, He drew near two disciples walking on the road to Emmaus who were discussing the events that have taken place in Jerusalem. The text of Luke 24:13-27 states that their eyes were restrained, so they did not recognize Jesus. Jesus thus questioned them about their conversation and why they were sad. Somewhat perplexed that anyone in Jerusalem would not know about the recent events in Jerusalem, Cleopas said: “Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have you not known the things that have happened there in these days?” “What things?” Jesus inquired. The two men went on to explain to Him the events Jesus had just endured. Then Jesus “beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.”
I have stated that there are 336 messianic prophecies in the Old Testament, which were fulfilled in the most minute detail by Jesus of Nazareth. These prophecies could be broken down into five categories. 1). The Origins of the Messiah, 2). The Messiah’s ministry and teaching, 3). The persecution and death of the Messiah, 4). The Messiah’s triumph, and 5). The Messiah’s eternal role in Heaven. As we consider the prophecies of the Messiah, there are really two kinds of prophecies that we understand as prophetic. The first is what I would call prophecies of the foreknowledge of God, which were revealed through God’s holy Prophets. The Second, form of prophecies, are called a Mystery, as presented in the Old Testament. The prophecies that are a Mystery would require additional revelation from God for man to understand and apply them to the Messiah. Romans 16:25,26; Eph. 3-5. Considering the first set of prophecies concerning the Messiah, as revealed in the Old Testament, we have facts that pertain to the Messiah, So let me briefly state just a few to help us understand, how Jesus opened the eyes of understanding to these two men.
Prophecies relating to the origins of the Messiah. The birth of Jesus was a miracle that had never happened before, nor would happen again in human history. This was a sign (which by definition and application is a miracle), that the Messiah would be Born of a Virgin. Isa. 7:14; Matt. 1:23; Luke 1:34. Mary’s response to the angel’s announcement that she was with child: “How can this be, since I do not known a man?” Thus the fulfillment of the Promise concerning the seed of woman. Gen. 3:15. The Messiah was to be born in Bethlehem. Micah 5:2; Matt. 2:6. He would come out of Egypt and Zion. Hosea 11:1; Isa. 59:20,21; Matt. 2:15; Rom. 11:26,27. He was the “First and the Last.” Isa. 44:6; 48:12-16; Rev. 1:17. He would be called the son of God. Psa. 2:7; Acts 13:33.
Prophecies regarding the Ministry and teachings of the Messiah. They are many, but here are a few. Zeal for My Father’s house. Psa. 69:9; Jn. 2:17. He would bring light to the Gentiles (foreign nations). Isa. 9:1,2; Matt. 4:15,16. He would heal the sick, lame and blind. Isa. 53:4; 61:1,2; Matt. 8:16,17; Lk. 4:18,19. He would teach with God’s authority. Deut. 18:18,19; Acts 3:22,23. He would be a rock of offence to those who would not believe. Isa. 8:14; 1 Pet. 2:8.
Prophecies concerning His persecution and death of the Messiah. He would be a reproach, hated without a cause, betrayed by a friend, opposed by kings and rulers, smitten, humiliated and killed for 30 pieces of silver. They would part His garments, he would be numbered with the transgressors and pierced. Not a bone would be broken, and all as a vicarious death for our sins, His sacrifice would please God. Many passages foretell and fulfill these events, consider just a few. Psa. 69; Rom. 15:3; Jn. 15:25,
Prophecies of His triumph. The Messiah would be a King, that enters Jerusalem. He would be killed and resurrected from the dead, ascends into heaven to sit on the right hand of God. Zech. 9:9; Psa. 118:26, 110:1; Matt. 21:5; Jn. 12:13; Acts 2:34,35.
Prophecies of the Messiah’s eternal role. He would sit upon an eternal throne, ruling over his church. Psa. 45:6,7; Heb. 1:8,9; Psa. 22:22; Isa. 8:17,18; Heb. 2:12,13. The Messiah would be a Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Psa. 109:4; Heb. 5:6,10; 7:17,21.
Though this is a brief overview of the life of the Messiah, it was the two men on the road to Emmaus that had their eyes opened to all Scriptures of the things concerning Him. These things were not done in a corner. When you consider all the prophecies that God spoke through all of His prophets, “beginning with Samuel and those who follow, as many as have spoken, have also foretold these days.” Acts 3:24. As you journey this road of understanding, what will you do with this knowledge that Jesus is the Messiah? Don’t ignore it!